International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation (United Nations)
Ronald Reagan Day (California, United States)
Sami National Day (Russia, Finland, Norway and Sweden)
Waitangi Day, celebrates the founding of New Zealand in 1840
1819 – Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles founds Singapore.
1820 – The first 86 African American immigrants sponsored by the American Colonization Society depart New York to start a settlement in present-day Liberia.
1833 – Otto becomes the first modern King of Greece.
1851 – The largest Australian bushfires in a populous region in recorded history take place in the state of Victoria.
1900 – The Permanent Court of Arbitration, an international arbitration court at The Hague, is created when the Senate of the Netherlands ratifies an 1899 peace conference decree.
1919 – The American Legion is founded.
1951 – The Broker, a Pennsylvania Railroad passenger train derails near Woodbridge Township, New Jersey. The accident kills 85 people and injures over 500 more. The wreck is one of the worst rail disasters in American history.
1952 – Elizabeth II becomes Queen of the United Kingdom and her other Realms and Territories and Head of the Commonwealth upon the death of her father, George VI. At the exact moment of succession, she was in a tree house at the Treetops Hotel in Kenya.
1958 – Eight Manchester United F.C. players and 15 other passengers are killed in the Munich air disaster.
1959 – At Cape Canaveral, Florida, the first successful test firing of a Titan intercontinental ballistic missile is accomplished.
1981 – The National Resistance Army of Uganda launches an attack on a Ugandan Army installation in the central Mubende District to begin the Ugandan Bush War.
1987 – Justice Mary Gaudron becomes the first woman to be appointed to the High Court of Australia.
1988 – Michael Jordan makes his signature slam dunk from the free throw line inspiring Air Jordan and the Jumpman logo.
1996 – Willamette Valley Flood: Floods in the Willamette Valley of Oregon, United States, causes over US$500 million in property damage throughout the Pacific Northwest.
1996 – Birgenair Flight 301 crashed off the coast of the Dominican Republic, killing all 189 people on board. This is the deadliest aviation accident involving a Boeing 757.
1998 – Washington National Airport is renamed Ronald Reagan National Airport.
2016 – An earthquake of magnitude 6.6 strikes southern Taiwan, killing 117 people.
2018 – SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy, a super heavy launch vehicle, makes its maiden flight.
1748 – Adam Weishaupt, German philosopher and academic, founded the Illuminati (d. 1830)
1842 – Alexandre Ribot, French academic and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1923)
1843 – Frederic William Henry Myers, English poet and philologist, co-founded the Society for Psychical Research (d. 1901)
1847 – Henry Janeway Hardenbergh, American architect, designed the Plaza Hotel (d. 1918)
1893 – Muhammad Zafarullah Khan, Pakistani politician and diplomat, 1st Minister of Foreign Affairs for Pakistan (d. 1985)
1911 – Ronald Reagan, American actor and politician, 40th President of the United States (d. 2004)
1912 – Eva Braun, German wife of Adolf Hitler (d. 1945)
1919 – Takashi Yanase, Japanese poet and illustrator, created Anpanman (d. 2013)
1929 – Colin Murdoch, New Zealand pharmacist and veterinarian, invented the tranquilliser gun (d. 2008)
1945 – Bob Marley, Jamaican singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1981)
1950 – Natalie Cole, American singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2015)
1955 – Avram Grant, Israeli football manager
1963 – Scott Gordon, American ice hockey player and coach
1967 – Izumi Sakai, Japanese singer-songwriter (d. 2007)
1968 – Adolfo Valencia, Colombian footballer
1975 – Chad Allen, American baseball player and coach
1982 – Alice Eve, English actress
1982 – Elise Ray, American gymnast
1983 – Dimas Delgado, Spanish footballer
1983 – S. Sreesanth, Indian cricketer
1984 – Darren Bent, English footballer
1993 – Teresa Scanlan, Miss America 2011
1993 – Tinashe, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
1994 – Charlie Heaton, British actor and musician
1995 – Leon Goretzka, German footballer
1995 – Sam McQueen, English footballer
1996 – Justina Mikulskytė, Lithuanian tennis player
1515 – Aldus Manutius, Italian publisher, founded the Aldine Press (b. 1449)
1783 – Capability Brown, English gardener and architect (b. 1716)
1958 – victims of the Munich air disaster
Geoff Bent, English footballer (b. 1932)
Roger Byrne, English footballer (b. 1929)
Eddie Colman, English footballer (b. 1936)
Walter Crickmer, English footballer and manager (b. 1900)
Mark Jones, English footballer (b. 1933)
David Pegg, English footballer (b. 1935)
Frank Swift, English footballer and journalist (b. 1913)
Tommy Taylor, English footballer (b. 1932)
1964 – Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino general and politician, 1st President of the Philippines (b. 1869)
1986 – Minoru Yamasaki, American architect, designed the World Trade Center (b. 1912)
1991 – Salvador Luria, Italian biologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)