1649 – Charles Stuart, the son of King Charles I, is declared King Charles II of England and Scotland by the Scottish Parliament.
1852 – The New Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia, one of the largest and oldest museums in the world, opens to the public.
1869 – The largest alluvial gold nugget in history, called the “Welcome Stranger”, is found in Moliagul, Victoria, Australia.
1958 – Gamal Abdel Nasser is nominated to be the first president of the United Arab Republic.
1958 – A hydrogen bomb known as the Tybee Bomb is lost by the US Air Force off the coast of Savannah, Georgia, never to be recovered.
1962 – French President Charles de Gaulle calls for Algeria to be granted independence.
1971 – Astronauts land on the moon in the Apollo 14 mission.
1975 – Riots break in Lima, Peru after the police forces go on strike the day before. The uprising (locally known as the Limazo) is bloodily suppressed by the military dictatorship.
1997 – The so-called Big Three banks in Switzerland announce the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors and their families.
2008 – A major tornado outbreak across the Southern United States kills 57.
1837 – Dwight L. Moody, American evangelist and publisher, founded Moody Church, Moody Bible Institute, and Moody Publishers (d. 1899)
1840 – John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish businessman, co-founded Dunlop Rubber (d. 1921)
1840 – Hiram Maxim, American engineer, invented the Maxim gun (d. 1916)
1908 – Daisy and Violet Hilton, English conjoined twins (d. 1969)
1941 – Cory Wells, American pop-rock singer (Three Dog Night) (d. 2015)
1962 – Jennifer Jason Leigh, American actress, screenwriter, producer and director
1965 – Gheorghe Hagi, Romanian footballer and manager
1969 – Bobby Brown, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor
1969 – Michael Sheen, Welsh actor and director
1969 – Derek Stephen Prince, American voice actor
1972 – Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark
1975 – Giovanni van Bronckhorst, Dutch footballer and manager
1976 – Abishek Bachchan, son of Amitabh Bachchan, Indian actor.
1978 – Samuel Sánchez, Spanish cyclist
1984 – Carlos Tevez, Argentinian footballer
1985 – Laurence Maroney, American football player
1985 – Cristiano Ronaldo, Portuguese footballer
Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro plays as a forward for Italian club Juventus and the Portugal national team. Often considered the best player in the world and regarded by many as one of the greatest players of all time,Ronaldo has a record-tying five Ballon d’Or awards,] the most for a European player, and is the first player to win four European Golden Shoes. He has won 26 trophies in his career, including five league titles, five UEFA Champions League titles and one UEFA European Championship. A prolific goalscorer, Ronaldo holds the records for most official goals scored in Europe’s top-five leagues (404), the UEFA Champions League (121), the UEFA European Championship (9), as well as those for most assists in the UEFA Champions League (34) and the UEFA European Championship (6). He has scored over 680 senior career goals for club and country
1986 – Vedran Ćorluka, Croatian footballer
1992 – Neymar, Brazilian footballer
1995 – Adnan Januzaj, Belgian-Albanian footballer
1996 – Stina Blackstenius, Swedish footballer
1997 – Patrick Roberts, English footballer
2016 – Jigme Namgyel Wangchuck, Bhutanese prince
1922 – Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, Croatian engineer, invented the mechanical pencil (b. 1871)
1931 – Athanasios Eftaxias, Greek politician, 118th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1849)
1937 – Lou Andreas-Salomé, Russian-German psychoanalyst and author (b. 1861)
1967 – Leon Leonwood Bean, American businessman, founded L.L.Bean (b. 1872)
2005 – Gnassingbé Eyadéma, Togolese general and politician, President of Togo (b. 1937)
2005 – Michalina Wisłocka, Polish gynecologist and sexologist (b. 1921)
2008 – Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian guru, founded Transcendental Meditation (b. 1918)
2010 – Brendan Burke, Canadian ice hockey player and activist (b. 1988)
2015 – Val Logsdon Fitch, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1923)
2015 – Herman Rosenblat, Polish-American author (b. 1929)