Today in History – 16th February

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Holidays and observances

  • Restoration of Lithuania’s Statehood Day, celebrate the independence of Lithuania from Russia and Germany in 1918 (Lithuania)

Events

  • 1874 – The Silver Dollar becomes legal US tender.
  • 1918 – The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopts the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state.
  • 1930 – The Romanian Football Federation joins FIFA.
  • 1957 – The “Toddlers’ Truce”, a controversial television close down between 6.00 pm and 7.00 pm is abolished in the United Kingdom.
  • 1959 – Fidel Castro becomes Premier of Cuba after dictator Fulgencio Batista was overthrown on the first of January in that year.
  • 1962 – Flooding in the coastal areas of West Germany kills 315 people and destroys the homes of about 60,000 people.
  • 1968 – In  Alabama, the first 9-1-1 emergency telephone system goes into service..
  • 1983 – The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia kill 75.
  • 1998 – China Airlines Flight 676 crashes into a road and residential area near an International Airport in Taiwan, killing all 196 aboard and seven more on the ground.
  • 1999 – Across Europe, Kurdish rebels take over embassies and hold hostages after Turkey arrests one of their rebel leaders, Abdullah Öcalan.
  • 2005 – The Kyoto Protocol comes into force, following its ratification by Russia.
  • 2013 – A bomb blast at a market in Hazara Town in Quetta, Pakistan kills more than 80 people and injures 190 others.

Births

  • 1929 – Peter Porter, Australian-English poet and educator (d. 2010)
  • and singer (d. 2014)
  • 1932 – Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, Sierra Leone born economist, lawyer, and politician, 3rd President of Sierra Leone (d. 2014)
  • 1941- kim Jong-Il. Supreme Leader of North Korea from 1994 to 2001 who was the center of an elaborate personality cult inherited from his father. He led one of the world’s most repressive and tyrannical regimes and the amount of people who have died or been jailed due to his policies is still unknown. He died in 2011
  • 1944 – Richard Ford, American author
  • 1964 – Bebeto, Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1965-Ice T . Born Tracy Marrow, he is an iconic rapper and founder of the heavy metal band, Body Count, which released the controversial track “Cop Killer” in 1992. Despite the anti-police message of his most infamous song he went on to portray a police officer in the long running NBC drama Law & Order: Special Victims Unit
  • 1972 – Sarah Clarke, American actress
  • 1972 – Naomi Nishida, Japanese actress
  • 1973 – Cathy Freeman, Australian sprinter
  • 1983- Rickey Lambert is English striker who joined Southampton in 2009 after spending three seasons with the Bristol Rovers; became a member of the English national team in 2013
  • 1988 – Diego Capel, Spanish footballer
  • 1989 – Elizabeth Olsen, American actress and singer
  • 1990 – The Weeknd, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1991 – Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg
  • 1994 – Annika Beck, German tennis player. Beck has won two singles titles on the WTA tour, as well as seven singles titles on the ITF circuit in her career. On 17 March 2014, she reached her best singles ranking of world number 43. On 3 August 2015, she peaked at world number 108 in the doubles rankings.
  • 1995 – Katy Dunne, English tennis player

Deaths

  • 1992 – Angela Carter, English journalist and author (b. 1940)
  • 2001 – William Masters, American gynecologist and sexologist (b. 1915)
  • et and playwright (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Gary Carter, American baseball player and coach (b. 1954)

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