The name Egypt is an ancient name which means; anguish or that which troubles.
The country is bordered by the Gaza strip, Israel, the gulf of Aqaba, the red sea, Sudan and Libya.
Ancient Egypt experienced some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, organised religion and central government.
Iconic monuments such as the great sphinx of Giza, the ruins of Memphis, Karnak and the valley of the kings; reflect this legacy and remain popular interests.
One of the earliest centers of Christianity, Egypt was Islamized in the seventh century and remains a Muslim country with a significant Christian minority.
Joseph the preferred son of Jacob, also known as Israel, was sold into slavery by his jealous brothers.
He rose to become vizier, the second most powerful man in Egypt next to pharaoh, where his presence and office caused Israel to leave Canaan and settle in Egypt. The most powerful person in ancient Egypt was the pharaoh. The pharaoh was the political and religious leader of the Egyptian people.
The bible makes reference to various unnamed pharaohs in accounts of the Israelites’ settlement in Egypt, the oppression of the Israelites, the exodus, as well as a number of later rulers held captive in a city called Goshen which means “the chosen”, God sent Moses to deliver the Israelites from Egypt after 430 years. It took them 40 years to get to Canaan- the promise land.
The plagues of Egypt, known by many Christians as the ten biblical plagues, were ten calamities that god inflicted upon Egypt to persuade the pharaoh to release the Israelites from slavery. The plagues served to contrast the power of the god of Israel with the Egyptian gods, invalidating them.
Modern Egypt’s economy is one of the largest and most diversified in the middle east, and is projected to become one of the largest in the 21st century.